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ANIMATION 101: All you need to know!

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What is Animation?

‘Animation’ is a method in which pictures are produced from hand-drawn images, illustrations or photographs posed in a series of incremental movements that are then rapidly sequenced to give the illusion of ‘lifelike’ motion. At present, most animations are made with the help of Computer-Generated Imagery (CGI).


The first animated projection (screening) was created by Charles-Émile Reynaud, who was a French science teacher. Reynaud created a viewing device, the Praxinoscope in 1877 and the Théâtre Optique (aka “optical theatre”) which could take a strip of pictures or images and project them onto a screen, in December 1888. On 28 October 1892, he projected the first animation in public, Pauvre Pierrot, at the Musée Grévin in Paris, France.

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The four different types (or genres) of animation available are:

Traditional animation: In traditional animation, animators draw images on a transparent piece of paper using a colored pencil, one frame at the time, to create an illusion of movement.
Also, called ‘cel animation or hand-drawn animation’, this was the process used for most animated films of the 20th century.

Computer animation: Computer animation is the branch of Computer-Generated Imagery (CGI) by which the animation is created digitally on a computer.
– 2D animation: 2D animation is the term often used when referring to traditional hand-drawn animation, but it can also refer to computer vector animations that are created or edited on the computer using 2D bitmap graphics and 2D vector graphics.
– 3D animation: 3D animation, also referred to as CGI, or just CG, is digitally modeled and manipulated by an animator. In 3D animation, instead of hand paintings or clay models, the characters are digitally modeled in the program and then fitted with a ‘skeleton’ that allows animators to move the models.

Motion graphics: Motion graphics is quite different from the other types of animation as it involves moving around graphical elements or texts, usually for commercial or promotional purposes. Animated logos, explainer videos, app commercials, television promos or even film opening titles employ this method.

Stop motion: The animation techniques of motion graphics have a lot of similarities with 3D animation. It can be referred to any animation that uses objects that are photographed in a sequence to create the illusion of movement.

The English adjective animate meaning “alive” comes from the Latin verb animare, meaning “to give life to.”

To know more Facts on Animation, stay tuned to our blogs!

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